Posted on August 22 2011
The art of weaving has been apart of many major cultures around the world for centuries. From Ancient civilizations to Native American traditions to the Industrial Revolution, weaving has been an important form of artistry that ties into the very economic structure of many major societies. Linen was used for mummification by Ancient Egyptians, as well as for currency. Weighted warp looms (vertical looms) were used by Europeans in the 10th and 11th centuries to weave their thick, warm wool garments. Weaving was a local craft in Europe until later into the Middle Ages, when finer fabrics and better technology made weaving a more sought-after craft. In the early 12th century, the Muslim world gave a significant gift to modern day looming: foot pedals. Hand weaving persian rugs has been important to many Islamic tribes, even in modern days. After the invention of the flying shuttle in the 1730's during the Industrial Revolution, the speed of weaving increased significantly. Cotton, died with pigments, were woven by Southwest Native American tribes (including the Pueblo). What became known as Navajo blankets, these intricate woven tapestries were eventually used in trade as garments and rugs in the late 1800's. Modern day shuttleless looms, invented in the mid-1900's, boast speeds up to 2,000 weft insertions per minute. At Brahms Mount, we continue to use traditional shuttle looms, which produce approximately 50 inches of material per minute. Brahms Mount is one of only a handful of U.S. mills left weaving top of bed textiles, and the only mill left in North America weaving Linen. Click here to learn even more about Brahms Mount's history.